How to improve your memory and keep your mind sharp[:]


It is never too late to sharpen your mind. Discover how to improve your memory and keep your brain fully functioning.

Wondering how to improve your memory? If you can not remember where you put your keys or you have a memory gap trying to remember a name, let us reassure you that it happens to all people.

As we age, our memory decreases. Genes play a role, but our lifestyle choices are just as important. Research shows that regular exercise, a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy blood sugar level, lowering cholesterol, lowering blood pressure and avoiding smoking can all shield the mind.

In addition to healthy lifestyle choices, strengthening the brain through cognitive exercises is also vital to keeping your mind sharp and preventing memory loss.

Memory is considered to be the highest executive function of the brain. To maintain a good memory, the brain must be in good health. It should also be noted that many aspects of a person’s health and well-being affect brain function and memory.

The 6 ways to sharpen memory

Adopt a healthy diet: A very important aspect of health and brain function is nutrition. The MIND diet which is a mixture between the Mediterranean diet and the DASH diet can help prevent Alzheimer’s. A study, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia, found that the MIND diet reduced the risk of Alzheimer’s by 53%.

Meditation: Our brain is always under overstimulation under normal conditions, so it is important to give it a chance to relax. Meditation can also help the brain function, as it helps relieve stress, slows down the aging process of the brain and supports its processing functions. A study published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences found that a variety of meditation techniques may be able to compensate for age-related cognitive decline.

Drink plenty of water: Dehydration is bad for your short-term memory, mood, attention and mental performance. Water is an essential nutrient and makes up almost two thirds of the body. It is essential for all aspects of bodily functions, including temperature regulation and oxygen distribution.

An analysis of 33 studies, published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, found that dehydration corresponded to a 2% reduction in body mass, which was associated with a significant deterioration in cognitive performance.


Get moving: Your physical health is closely aligned with your mental health. Exercise enhances the development of new neuroplastic neural connections. It also increases the levels of neurotrophic growth factors derived from the brain (BDNF), a substance that is particularly important for the development and organization of new brain connections in the elderly.

Get enough sleep: Experts believe that taking the recommended seven to eight hours of sleep each night is vital to good brain health. New research, published in the journal Current Biology, shows that intermittent rapid eye movement (REM) sleep can affect the area of ​​the brain that is responsible for processing memories at night.

Tips to sleep well:
-Maintain a sleep routine.
-Avoid using your cell phone or computer in bed or at least an hour before bedtime.
-Exercise during the day.
-Avoid caffeinated beverages, alcohol and heavy meals before bed.
-Try reading a book or listening to soothing music before going to bed.
-Improve your gut microbiome: Ways to keep your gut bacteria healthy and balanced include frequent consumption of prebiotics and high-fiber foods and vegetables and fruits. Finally, limit processed, refined carbohydrates and foods that contain sugar.



How memory exercises work
Brain exercises are important for preventing memory loss and keeping your mind alert.

There are various exercises that can stimulate and help maintain brain function. Sharpen your memory with crosswords, Sudoku, puzzles, memory games, card games, phone memos or video games.

Also, according to a study published in Frontiers in Psychology, learning a second language improves brain function at any age.

When medical help is needed
If you are worried about memory loss, make an appointment to talk to your doctor. There are several causes besides Alzheimer’s that can cause memory problems, including medications and vitamin B-12 deficiency.

According to the Mayo Clinic, memory loss is one of the first or most recognizable signs of dementia.


The main symptoms of memory loss for the patient are when he:

-Repeats the same questions
-Forgets discussions, appointments and events
-It is also lost in familiar places
-He is constantly losing his things
-He finds it difficult to express what he is thinking
-Forgets faces and objects
-It is difficult to make decisions
-Forgets his personal care (to wash etc)
-He has mood swings
-Change in sleep habits (“makes night day”)
-Irritability, outbursts of anger, lifting of suspensions
-Illusions (feeling that someone wants to steal him)[:]

This Hospital has a Wine Cellar[:]


There is a public university hospital where a wine cellar has been set up for some patients. The reason why this was done is hidden in the importance of some small pleasures in life, even in the most difficult moments.
Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital is a public institution somewhere between central and southern France, built between the renowned wine regions of Bordeaux, Sancerre and the Loire Valley. What is famous for is the palliative care unit, which hosts dying patients, and the pioneering leader Dr. Virginie Guastella.

Dr. Guastella put a wine bar in the unit, not the kind of wine bar we most know. Its sole purpose is to give pleasure to patients who are at the end of their lives or who are suffering a lot.

A cellar with wine inside the hospital
Dr. Guastella joined the hospital staff as a palliative care physician in 2003 and quickly learned that there is so much more to offer patients besides painkillers: care, time, a nice chat, and some small pleasures. “In palliative care, there is always something to do. “” I’m sorry, but nothing is happening “does not apply,” she said. “Why should all the good things stop because you are being treated?” he wonders.

In 2013, Dr. Guastella met Catherine Le Grand-Sébille, an anthropologist at the University of Lille School of Medicine, who studied the relationship between people and wine, even at the end of life. To date, she has conducted 200 interviews with physicians, health care professionals, non-medical caregivers, families, and patients about maintaining sensory pleasure. What they had told her was enough to convince Dr. Guastella, now head of the palliative care unit, asks the director for a small wine cellar inside the hospital.

Her goal, of course, was not to addict patients who were in the final stages, nor to make them drink too much. He wanted, as he said, to give them a sense of dignity and regularity in the latter.

Desires and preferences are related to life
François’s wife, a man who died at the age of 73 from kidney cancer, will never forget the moment she brought a glass of red wine with her meal at the hospital, as she wished. “His eyes lit up. “At that time, my husband was not sick,” she said.

Researchers in the field of neuroscience had by then made important discoveries regarding the functions of the brain that regulate our desires and preferences. Our desires (the “I want”) relate to the needs of our survival, namely food, drink (water) and sleep. Our preferences (“I like them”) relate to all those special ways in which we satisfy our above needs: our favorite foods and drinks, even the pillow we prefer.

Simply put, what neuroscientists call desires (“I want”) are actually our needs. But what they call preferences (“I like”) are what make us happy.

Pleasure in life has two types, according to philosophy: bliss and hedonism. Happiness refers to the meaning of life, to why it is worth living. Hedonism has to do with all those little pleasures, the wine, the sweet, the beautiful smells, that through the senses make our life bearable. These are the “likes” that satisfy our “wants”.


How can Nutrition affect our Mental Health?[:]

Food insecurity (FI) affects almost 795 million people worldwide. Although a complex phenomenon involving factors such as food availability, affordability, utilization, and even social norms that determine acceptable ways of obtaining food, FI can affect human health beyond its effects on diet. A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that FI was associated with poorer mental health and specific psychosocial stressors in areas of the World Wide Web (149 countries), regardless of individuals’ socioeconomic status.


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Nearly one in three people (29.2%) worldwide certainly experience a common mental disorder during their lifetime, such as depression, anxiety and physical symptom disorders.

FI can contribute significantly to common mental disorders, through many different mechanisms, first creating uncertainty about the ability to maintain a healthy diet, or to obtain adequate nutrition in the future. In addition, it can cause a stress response that can contribute to stress, but also depression, while finally obtaining healthy foods in socially unacceptable ways (eating junk) can cause feelings of alienation, weakness, shame and guilt associated with depression. FI can also widen socio-economic disparities between households and communities that could increase cultural sensitivities and affect overall mental well-being.

Professor Andrew D. Jones, of the Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, conducted this research using data from the Gallup World Poll 2014 (GWP). The GWP is a series of national representative surveys for people aged 15 and over that use probabilistic sampling to cover both urban and rural areas. FI data was available for 147,826 people in 11 regions of the world that included 149 countries. The extent of FI ranged from 18.3% in East Asia to 76.1% in sub-Saharan Africa.

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The mental health status was then determined based on the Negative Experience Index (NEI) and the Positive Experience Index (PEI) with two five-question surveys addressing issues such as pain, sadness, pleasure, feelings of respect, and other factors. Data on mental health indicators were available for 152,696 people. The PEI was higher in Latin America and the Caribbean (79.4) and lower in Russia and the Caucasus (59.2), while the NEI was lower in Central Asia (17.4) and higher in the Middle East and of North Africa (34.9).

Dr. Jones found that FI was associated with poorer mental health by comparing NEI with FI for multiple age groups. A reverse result was found for PEI versus FI data. It also recognizes the possibility that the direction of the correlation between FI and mental health is the opposite, that poor mental health could lead to FI. However, this is the first study to conduct a global analysis of this connection and it has come to raise awareness and concern. Mr. Jones explained that the development of robust monitoring systems and the enhancement of both FI and mental health measurements are important in order to better understand their relationship in different environments that can help inform interventions and of course have the ability to deal effectively with the effects of FI on mental health.

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Are All Plant Origin Products Always the Healthiest? – Of course NOT[:]

Many people decided with the new year to make a change in their lifestyle. Many of them included in this plan to become vegetarian or vegan. It is indeed an extremely useful decision for anyone who has made it in many ways. However, a person who is just starting this diet may fall into some traps when it comes to choices.

For example, plant-based meats are often high in sodium, highly processed and no healthier than the meat they imitate. Meanwhile, almost half of consumers think they are more nutritious. So, if your decision is related to health, you may want to reconsider switching to a plant-based diet if it includes plant-based meats.

Impossible Burger, for example, is an impressive meatless mix of soy, potato, coconut and sunflower protein. It even has the appearance of a regular burger. At the same time, its calorie count and saturated fat levels are high, and it has six times more sodium.

The global market for vegetable meat is projected to skyrocket to $ 85 billion by 2030. And grocery stores are taking that into account, offering a range of burgers, sausages, nuggets, minced meat and seafood options, all with no trace of animal products.

What is the nutritional benefit?

According to a recent study, the nutritional benefits of vegetable meat are minimal. Researchers from the Singapore Institute for Food Innovation and Biotechnology modeled the result of replacing bacon, chicken, beef burgers and ice cream with non-animal versions.

Diets in which animal products were replaced by plant-based alternatives were lower than the daily recommendations for vitamin B12, calcium, potassium, zinc and magnesium and higher in sodium, sugar and saturated fat.

Even with added vitamins and minerals, these products are not nutritionally valuable, says Stephan van Vliet, a postdoctoral fellow at the Duke Institute of Molecular Physiology. “Plant meat is not cow meat and cow meat is not plant meat,” he says.

Animal sources such as meat, milk and eggs contain complete proteins, ie they contain many of the nine essential amino acids that we must receive from our diet every day. Plant foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and grains, often lack one or more of these amino acids and must be eaten in combination.

Vegetable meat producers claim that their products contain similar amounts of protein that are comparable in quality to animal proteins. But the focus on protein is very “simplistic,” Van Vliet explains. “Foods contain hundreds to thousands of compounds that are capable of affecting human metabolism and health.”

The term plant-based

“People choose a vegetable burger for a variety of reasons,” says Rosie Schwartz, a Toronto-based nutrition consultant, “including reducing meat intake.” But he argues that consumers should reconsider their reasoning if the reason they choose it is health.

“Choosing something that is plant-based as a substitute because it is called plant-based really leads us in the wrong direction,” says Schwartz. According to scientists and official diet guides in many countries, plant-based nutrition is indeed the recommended way to eat. Fill half your plate with vegetables and fruits and the other half with whole grains and protein.

But the word “plant-based” also refers to anything from meat to paint and pillowcases, as long as they are made mostly or entirely from plants, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Just because it is made from plants does not mean that it is healthy. “I think it’s very confusing to the consumer,” says van Vliet. “It’s probably not the chicken, but everything else that comes with chicken nuggets that could be harmful to our health.”

Van Vliet and his colleagues compared 190 molecules in alternative plant-based meat products with ground beef and found that 90% of them were different. Plant-based alternative meat products lacked certain amino acids and derivatives, such as creatine, taurine and inserine, “which can all have an impact on our health and possibly on brain function as well as muscle function,” he says.

Other metabolites, such as polyphenols and antioxidants, have been found in large quantities or exclusively in meats of plant origin. He believes that foods of plant and animal origin complement each other in our diet, where some nutrients are better received from animal sources and others from plants.

The future of vegetable meats

Until now, meat companies have focused on the taste, texture and appearance of their products. These companies targeted meat eaters by creating plant miracles that were intended to look, taste and feel like real meat.

Impossible Foods, creator of Impossible Burger, says 90% of its customers are still meat eaters. It is not intended to turn salad and tempeh lovers into fake meat consumers. “The whole mission of Impossible Foods is to create plant-based products that directly compete with animal meat,” said Esther Cohn, Impossible Foods’ communications manager. “If you eat five beef burgers a week, we want you to substitute them, even if you try to exchange one for an Impossible Burger.”

With a growing market and new non-animal proteins made from cells in the laboratory or fungi in fermentation tanks, the choices are endless. Can they be adapted to be healthier? We have to wait and see.[:]

Good vs Bad Fats: How their Consumption Affects Heart Health[:]

The word “fat” has had a negative connotation and meaning for many years in our speech, but the reality is different. Our body needs healthy fats to function properly. For example, fats are needed to build cell membrane, nerves and to ensure that many vitamins, including A, D, E and K are functioning optimally.

But there are different types of fats – some are good for us and some are not. Scientific research on health risks and benefits is constantly evolving and increasing. Current data and guidelines show that we need to include healthy and fatty foods in our diet and avoid unhealthy ones.

Types of fats

Dietary fats are divided into three categories:

Unsaturated fats: These are good fats that we need to consume as much as we can as part of a diet that focuses on heart health. Here we find two types of unsaturated fats: monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. Pecans, hazelnuts, almonds, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, olive oil, peanut oil are foods with high concentrations of monounsaturated fats.

Fish, flaxseed, corn, soybean and sunflower seed oil contain polyunsaturated fats. Omega 3 fatty acids – found in some types of fish, such as salmon and herring, but also in plant products, such as nuts – are a type of polyunsaturated fat that is thought to be particularly good for our hearts.

– Saturated fats: Meat is a primary source of saturated fats, with the highest percentages being found in beef, pork and whole milk. Moderate levels are found in eggs and poultry. Some vegetable oils, such as palm oil, also contain a lot of saturated fat.

Saturated fats are essential for our body – but only in small amounts. The instructions of the experts are to make up 10% of the calories we receive during the day, preferably from lean chicken and other lean products.

– Trans fats: These are the fats we crave the most, but we should not consume. Most unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature. To make them solid, industries add extra hydrogen and thus create trans fats. The highest levels of these fats are found in animal products, margarine and baked goods.

The effects of unhealthy fats on the heart

Trans fats are the worst kind of fats for the heart, blood vessels and overall health. Consumption of trans fats:

– Increases levels of bad LDL cholesterol and decreases levels of good HDL

– Increases the risk of heart disease and stroke

– Contributes to insulin resistance and is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

In 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the use of partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs), the main source of artificial trans fats. This policy has almost led to the elimination of artificial trans fats in the US food supply by 2018.

But trans fats do not disappear completely from food, as they occur naturally in small quantities in meat and dairy products, as well as in some edible oils.
Eating a meal high in saturated fat – say, a big potato salad with eggs and mayonnaise – can raise your total cholesterol and change your balance by raising your LDL or bad cholesterol.

This in turn can narrow the blood vessels and cause the arteries to become blocked. Saturated fats also cause an increase in triglycerides. High triglyceride levels increase the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes and heart problems.

The effects of saturated fats on the body have been a source of controversy in recent years, with some studies questioning how harmful saturated fats are. For example, a meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Nutrition concluded: “There is insufficient evidence from epidemiological studies to conclude that saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of STDs, coronary heart disease or CVD ( cardiovascular disease) ».

A study published in 2014 in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that diets high in saturated fat did not increase the risk of heart disease.

But this controversial conclusion has been criticized, and American dietary guidelines still recommend limiting the amount of saturated fat consumed daily to no more than 10% of our daily calories. The American Heart Association goes even further and suggests that saturated fat should not be more than 5 to 6 percent of our daily calories.

The general guideline is that limiting saturated fats and replacing them with good fats, especially polyunsaturated fats, is what improves cholesterol and reduces the risk of heart disease. There will always be studies on both sides of an argument, however, the current body of research shows that saturated fats are not good for human health.[:]

A Nutrition that Provides Health and Longevity[:]

The Mediterranean Diet reflects the typical eating habits of the inhabitants of the Mediterranean. It is based on the simple preparation of delicious dishes thanks to the wide range of products produced in these countries.
At the same time, its recipes can be easily adapted to the personal taste preferences of each person.
The Greek version of the Mediterranean Diet consists of products produced in Greece and have shaped the eating habits of the Greeks from antiquity until today.

For the last fifty years, a unanimous international scientific view has emerged on the world stage that the traditional diet of the Mediterranean countries is healthier than the western or abundant diets.
This unanimity is credible because it is the result of the work of researchers from all over the world and is independent of units of industrial interest or of any country.

What exactly is the Mediterranean diet?

The Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits and vegetables and includes pasta, bread, cereals, rice and potatoes, poultry and fish, dairy products, some very little processed seasonal foods and minimal meat. But it also has two main ingredients: olive oil, which is the main source of fat, and wine.

The daily intake of dairy products is mainly in the form of cheese or yogurt.
The most common dessert is seasonal fruit.
Sweets are consumed a few times a week, while many times the place of sugar is taken by honey.

Red meat is almost forbidden and is consumed a few times a month and in small quantities, unlike the chicken and fish that are consumed every week.

Finally, wine consumption is very common (one or two glasses of wine every day).

The basic characteristics of the Mediterranean Diet are illustrated schematically with the corresponding Food Pyramid. It is a graphical representation of the various components of the diet in the form of a pyramid designed in January 1993 by a committee of academics and researchers in Massachusetts, USA.

The value of the Mediterranean diet

In the early 1960s, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched a study to study the eating habits of people from 7 different countries (Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands, Finland, USA and Japan). It lasted 30 years and was attended by about 13,000 people aged 40-59.

The results of this study showed that people living in the Mediterranean countries and especially in Greece, had the lowest mortality rates from cancer and coronary heart disease and had the highest life expectancy, compared to residents of other countries.

Scientists trying to discover the secret, came to the conclusion that their special and natural way of life (work in the countryside, increased physical activity), but also their simple and lean diet, which became known worldwide as the Mediterranean Diet, was the cause. of this phenomenon.

Recent major research by the University of Athens School of Medicine and the Harvard School of Public Health, published a year ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, confirms that the Mediterranean diet prolongs life and protects against heart disease and cancer.

What the Mediterranean Diet is good for

The Mediterranean Diet significantly reduces the possibility of cardiovascular disease and consequently coronary heart disease, since fat comes mainly from olive oil and fish.

Researchers from New Orleans have announced that the proper diet for people who have suffered a heart attack or other heart attack is the Mediterranean Diet.

The Mediterranean Diet reduces the risk of atherosclerosis because it lowers glucose, insulin and bad cholesterol.

Olive oil, a key component of the Mediterranean diet, has a beneficial effect on certain types of cancer, such as breast and prostate. A study from the University of Oxford shows that olive oil reduces the risk of colon cancer.

The positive effects of fat from olive oil and fish can be used to control body weight, provided that the total daily calorie intake is reduced.

The Mediterranean Diet protects against the decline of brain functions, memory loss and diseases associated with aging.

The Mediterranean Diet lowers blood pressure.

A recent study by the University of Dublin concluded that the Mediterranean Diet has positive effects on glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Delicious and healthy Greek food

In Greece, each piece of land has a different microclimate, so the agricultural products produced differ from each other. But they all have something in common. They are extremely tasty.

Thus, Greece has exceptional food and beverages in terms of taste: olives, olive oil, cheeses, pastries, ouzo, wine, honey, vinegar, pasta, fruit juices, spices, fish.

These products create various exquisite foods. The Greek Mediterranean diet characterizes all regions of Greece and Greek cuisine includes mainly the combination of oil and vegetables, as a result of which it acquires the reputation of offering health and longevity.

After all, the famous heart surgeon Christian Barnard in his book “Fifty Ways for a Healthy Heart” had devoted an entire chapter to the Greek diet, which he described as healthy because it contains olive oil, wine, legumes and vegetables and said that Crete is the region with lower rate of heart disease due to a healthy diet.

Advantages of the Mediterranean diet

The benefits of the Mediterranean diet, its positive effects on health and longevity, the scientific unanimity, the constant references in the world press about it and the fame it has gained around the world have increased the demand for Mediterranean products in all countries.

Studies have shown that the benefits to the human health of the Mediterranean Diet come from the Mediterranean diet as a whole, and not from an individual component. What makes the Mediterranean diet so beneficial is the combination of foods and possibly the chemical interactions of their ingredients.

These products are selected brands, healthy agricultural products, or small processed foods from Greece and can support a complete proposal of a Mediterranean diet, from a food store to its customers. Includes olive oils, olives, cheeses, fruits, vegetables, fresh and dried, legumes, chicken, tomato sauces, vegetable salads and olive and tomato delicacies, wine and honey.


Water is the Key to Super Health[:]

Water is just as essential as oxygen for our health. Many people do not drink as much as they need, thus affecting many indicators of their health. What is the amount we should consume daily.

The human body is made up of almost 60% water, with its percentage in the brain reaching 85% and in the blood 90%. However many people do not drink as much as they need.

The exact amount that each person needs depends on many factors, such as:

-The level of physical activity (eg trainees have high water needs)
-Work (manual and / or outdoor need more water)
-Ambient temperature (when it gets hot, we need more)
-Health status (eg patients with fever and those with diarrhea or vomiting need more, those with certain diseases less)
-The period of life (eg in pregnancy and breastfeeding the needs are increased)

The recommendations of experts

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) recommends 2 liters of fluid per day for the average woman and 2.5 liters for the average man. Especially in summer, however, we need at least 1 liter of liquid more every day to withstand the heat.

According to studies in our country, from the fluids contained in our daily diet:

-20-25% come from solid foods
-50% comes from drinking water
-25-30% comes from other beverages (eg coffee, tea, soft drinks, juices, etc.).
-The potential benefits of adequate water consumption are many and varied. These include the following:

Moisturizes the joints

The cartilage that coats the joints and forms the intervertebral discs is 80% water. Prolonged dehydration can reduce the ability to absorb vibrations in the joints of the limbs and spine. The consequence can be pain.

Regulates body temperature

Sweating and subsequent evaporation of sweat is one of the main thermoregulatory mechanisms of the body. Without adequate water intake, the body can not properly regulate its internal temperature.

Participates in digestion

The intestines need plenty of water to function properly. Dehydration can lead to digestive problems, dehydration and a particularly acidic environment in the stomach. This increases the risk of heartburn and gastric ulcer.

It is essential for nutrition

Many vitamins and minerals are water soluble. Therefore they must be dissolved in water so that the body can then absorb them and meet its needs.

Facilitates weight loss

Drinking two glasses of water before each meal can limit the amount of food we eat. This is because water stimulates the feeling of hunger satiety. It also stimulates the metabolic rate a bit, so it somewhat increases the burning.

Prevents intoxication and its side effects

Alcohol has diuretic properties and overconsumption leads to dehydration. Dehydration in turn contributes to the side effects of intoxication, such as:

-Dry mouth

If one drinks a glass of water alternately with a drink, one will consume less alcohol. This way she can avoid drunkenness and its consequences.

Keeps the kidneys healthy

The kidneys regulate the amount of fluid in the body. Dehydration may increase the risk of nephrolithiasis (kidney stones). On the contrary, good hydration may have a protective effect.

Studies have shown that it mainly reduces the risk of recurrence in people who already have kidney stones. This is probably due to the fact that water increases the volume of fluid passing through the kidneys. Thus, the concentrations of the metallic elements they contain are reduced.

Improves performance in the gym

Studies have shown that dehydration reduces performance in physical activities that last more than 30 minutes. Dehydration develops when a person loses only 2% of their body water. But practitioners can lose 6-10% through sweating. That’s why they have to drink a lot of water before, during and after training or competition.

Protects the brain

Studies have shown that even mild dehydration (loss of 1-3% of water from the body) can affect important brain functions. In one study, for example, a loss of just 1.4% of body water caused women to:

-Disorder of mental mood and the ability to concentrate
-Increased frequency of headaches

Respectively in men, the loss of 1.6% may have, according to another study, as a consequence:

-Reduced working memory
-Increased fatigue and stress

Many other studies in children, adults and the elderly have shown that even mild dehydration can:

-To disturb the mental mood
-To reduce memory
-Suppress brain performance

Prolonged dehydration can eventually lead to problems with thinking and reasoning.[:]

Myths and Truths about Nutrition and Health[:]

Your diet and health. Nutrition plays an important role in your health, as it provides the body with the nutrients and other nutrients it needs to function properly. Keep reading to learn about your diet and health, as well as myths, truths and changes in the food pyramid.

A balanced diet is synonymous with a healthy body. Remember to always base your diet on fresh fruits and vegetables as well as healthy fats.

Malnutrition can be one of the worst enemies of your health. Unhealthy foods lack nutrients and are full of substances that can harm the body.

The statistics on malnutrition around the world are really worrying, as the pace of daily life and the financial interests of the food industry have led many people to consider junk food as a dietary option.

Pizzas, hamburgers, fried foods, hot dogs, processed meats, sweets and soft drinks, among other things, have become part of our daily eating habits and are a time bomb for your health.

Protein, diet and health

It is important to know the difference between the proteins that your body needs and those that are not good for it. Vegetable proteins and proteins in lean meats have a positive effect on the body, helping it to build muscle mass by strengthening it.

Red meat contains toxic fats, antibiotics, solvents, additives and hormones, among other chemicals, which can damage the digestive system and cause disease.

Several studies have shown that eating red meat five times a week quadruples the risk of colon cancer compared to eating it once a week.


Even though milk has long been considered essential for getting enough calcium in the body, the truth is that this has been ruled out and it is now known that we do not need to drink milk to get the right amount of calcium.

Studies have shown that milk consumption is associated with the occurrence of several health problems in the circulatory and respiratory systems as well as allergies and diabetes.

In addition it is known to contain proteins such as casein, which can affect the onset of various types of cancer.


This food is one of the most consumed in the world but also one of the most harmful to the body. Sugar is addictive and is the leading cause of diabetes, which affects nearly 300 million people worldwide and causes 5% of cancers each year.

Sugar lowers the immune system’s defenses, nourishes cancer cells, releases adrenaline and causes nervousness and depression.

The food pyramid

First the food pyramid had the sweets at the top, followed by the dairy, then the fruits and vegetables and finally the carbohydrates.

Today the food pyramid has completely changed. Carbohydrates are now at the top, followed by milk and red wines, followed by nuts, poultry, fish and seafood along with whole grains.

Fruits, vegetables, extra virgin olive oil and healthy omega 3 fats are the basis.

Everyone needs to know the type of diet they eat and the foods they consume in order to provide the body with the necessary nutrients so that it can perform its functions.

Lack or near absence of nutrients can lead to various short-term and long-term health problems that can be difficult to treat. Also keep in mind that poor diet is the leading cause of obesity, heart disease, depression and liver and kidney problems.


This is how olive oil can be your medicine[:]

The beneficial properties of olive oil and the Mediterranean diet in general, confirms new American research.

Vegetables, fruits, fish and olive oil strengthen bones, improve brain function and reduce the risk of cancer, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke.

According to research presented at the conference of the American Heart Association, the use of olive oil in the diet reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease by 7% compared to margarine or mayonnaise.

Those who consume even more olive oil, in fact, more than seven grams or half a spoon a day, are 15% less likely to develop cardiovascular disease and 21% less likely to develop coronary heart disease. Olive oil, however, does not seem to reduce the risk of stroke.

“It is better to replace margarine, butter or mayonnaise with olive oil, instead of adding it along with other animal or vegetable fats to the existing diet. “The most important thing is to replace unhealthy fats with olive oil, thereby lowering cholesterol,” said Dr. Frank Hu, head of the Department of Dietetics at Harvard University School of Public Health.

The research data of Dr. Hu confirmed a 2013 study of 7,000 people who found that those who followed a Mediterranean diet with extra virgin olive oil for five years were 30% less likely to have a heart attack.

At the same time, according to the research, the consumption of olive oil helped to control body weight and maintain the proper functioning of the brain.

Extra virgin olive oil and not just olive oil produces the lowest percentage of saturated fat among oils in frying, according to a 2018 Australian survey.

In second place is coconut oil while canola oil, which is the most popular in the US, has been described as the most harmful to frying.

American Harvard scientists recommend the use of olive oil in salads, but also spaghetti sauces, such as Italian “pesto”, as well as for “sautéing” vegetables, frying salmon and other fish.[:]

Top Health Benefits of Olive Oil[:]

The numerous health benefits of olive oil run almost as deep as its history. It may appear simple, but in fact, is one of the most complex oils used today. In order to reap the wide range of health benefits, we must take time to understand the creation process and the different types.


The exact origin of olive oil remains unknown, but evidence of the existence of olives dates back farther than 6,000 years ago. As one of the oldest cultivated trees, it first grew in Crete, Greece in 3500BC. At that time, the tree spread to the Mediterranean basin, which includes African shores and Southern Europe. In 2000BC, olives were found inside Egyptian tombs; additionally, that date is when cultivation began to play a major role in the Crete economy. Crete began the first olive export to Greece, Asia Minor, and Northern Africa. Olives were a luxury in Greece and it became not only a food item, but was highly regarded as a beauty treatment.

Types of Oil

Most countries utilize the International Olive Oil Council to define quality and standards; however, the United States does not adhere to these standards. Instead, the United States follows the USDA’s 1948 Classification System, which includes the following qualities: extra-virgin, virgin, refined, pure, olive pomace, refined olive pomace, and lite. Please read the following for descriptions of the most common types:

Extra-virgin oil is the highest quality due to its high mineral and vitamin content. In order for olive oil to be considered extra-virgin, the oil must be produced by extraction methods that contain no chemicals or hot water, be first cold-pressed, have an acidity level of less than 1 percent, and have perfect taste.

Virgin olive oil, like extra-virgin, is first-cold pressed and produced without chemicals or hot water; however, virgin oil may contain an acidity level up to 3.3 percent. The flavor can vary and the taste is less mild than extra-virgin varieties.

Refined olive oil is created by refining virgin oil. The acidity level is greater than 3.3 percent; the finished product is tasteless and the odor is unpleasant.

Pure olive oil is a mix of virgin and refined. It has the same acidity level as virgin and can withstand high heat. The nutritional content is lower than virgin oil, which make it inexpensive compared to high quality oils. Pure oil is commonly used as all-purpose oil.

Light and extra-light are types of oils that contrary to the name do not contain less calories, but are a blend of refined oils that are made from the lowest quality oils created through chemical processing.

Health Benefits

Olive oil is composed of monounsaturated fat, which is considered a healthy fat. Introducing monounsaturated fats into your diet is healthier than ingesting saturated and trans fats. Monounsaturated fats offer a plethora of health benefits, when used in moderation. The following is a list of all of the wonderful health benefits it can impart.

It has the capability to lower blood pressure due to containing beneficial antioxidants, which are most prevalent in extra-virgin oil. The antioxidants, called polyphenol, are believed to be the primary source to help lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure. To receive maximum benefits, men should consume four tablespoons and women should consume three tablespoons, daily.

Research shows that monounsaturated fats, as found in olive oil, contain oleic acid and is capable of reducing the instance of cancer. Oleic acid is capable of reducing the effect of the cancer forming gene, called oncogene. Olive oil is noted to positively help breast, prostate, and colon cancer.

Olive oil is able to control blood sugar specifically by lowering blood glucose levels. Diabetics, or border-line diabetics, are instructed to follow a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet. Olive oil can help control blood sugar even if diabetics switch to a high fat diet, considering most of that fat comes from olive oil.

Monounsaturated fats that are found in plant oils are best at controlling good and bad cholesterol. Consumption can help your body rid itself of bad cholesterol, known as LDL cholesterol. Additionally, this oil does not negatively effect the levels of good cholesterol, known as HDL cholesterol. In fact, it can even raise the levels of HLD cholesterol providing a double benefit.

Researchers state that the extra-virgin variety contains an anti-inflammatory ingredient. The ingredient, oleocanthal, helps it to act as a pain reducer, much like over-the-counter aspirin. It will not show immediate results, but can provide pain reducing benefits if consistently ingested over a period of time.

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How to Cook with Olive Oil

Now that the health benefits have been explained, let’s discuss some of the common methods of how to cook with this oil.

High quality, extra-virgin oils should be reserved for use in dressings, dips, and vinaigrettes. Replace oil for butter in baked potatoes, or brush onto cooked vegetables or fish. Sprinkle rosemary, basil, cracked black pepper, and sea salt on top of extra-virgin oil for a delicious bread dip.

If you are to saut or fry, choose a combination oil which is a mix of extra-virgin and regular olive oil. Use olive oil grade for deep-frying which works wonderful due to its high smoke point of 410 degrees Fahrenheit.

One additional way to incorporate olive oil into your diet: use it for non-stick oil when a recipe calls for butter or spray oil. Drizzle onto your pan and spread evenly with a paper towel to ensure complete coverage.

Click here to see some premium choices of Extra Virgin Olive Oil

Who Should Avoid Olive Oil

Allergies are uncommon, but should not be ignored. In most cases, an allergy is a mild occurrence and the symptoms will go away in a short amount of time. On the other hand, a person can experience a more severe allergic reaction, which can lead to anaphylactic shock. A person who suspects an allergy should take note of the following symptoms: stomach or chest pain, rash, migraine, or red, itchy eyes. These allergies are rare and as a key part of theMediterraneandiet, the health benefits of olive oil are well recognized and enjoyed by millions.

There are many common foods that are beneficial for health. For more on the health benefits of honey [] or how red wine benefits [] your diet visit

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